As you begin your journey into the world of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, it’s important to arm yourself with the right knowledge. Here is your guide to all things BJJ, from the basics of the sport to the most advanced techniques.
Table of Contents
What is Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu?
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a martial art that emphasizes grappling and ground fighting. It was developed in the early 20th century by Brazilian fighter Helio Gracie, who modified judo and traditional Japanese jujutsu to create a more effective self-defense system for smaller people.
BJJ is often referred to as “human chess,” because it requires a great deal of strategy and technique to defeat an opponent. The goal is to either submit your opponent (force them to tap out) or take them down and achieve a dominant position.
BJJ is not only an effective self-defense system, but it’s also a great workout and an excellent way to meet people and make friends.
There are many benefits to training Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, both physical and mental.
Physically, BJJ is an excellent workout. It’s a full-body workout that will increase your strength, flexibility, and cardiovascular fitness. You’ll also develop coordination, balance, and agility.
Mentally, BJJ will help you develop focus, discipline, and confidence. It’s also an excellent way to relieve stress.
What do I need to get started in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu?
The first thing you’ll need is a gi, the traditional uniform worn in BJJ. A gi typically consists of a jacket and pants made of cotton or a similar material. You’ll also need a belt to signify your rank. You shouldn’t forget to buy a BJJ mouthguard, too!
You’ll also need to find a good BJJ academy to train at. A good academy will have experienced and qualified instructors, a friendly environment, and a diverse group of students.
What are the basics of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu?
The basic principles of BJJ are simple: take your opponent down to the ground and achieve a dominant position. From there, you can submit your opponent or force them to tap out.
However, these basics can be difficult to execute without proper training. That’s why it’s important to find a good BJJ academy where you can learn from experienced instructors.
What are the different techniques in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu?
There are countless techniques in BJJ, but some of the most common include:
- Take downs- There are a variety of ways to take your opponent down to the ground. Judo throws are often used in BJJ, as are wrestling takedowns.
- Submissions- Once you’ve taken your opponent down, you can attempt to submit them using techniques like joint locks and chokeholds.
- Guard- The guard is a position in which you are on your back with your legs wrapped around your opponent’s waist. From the guard, you can attack with submissions or sweep your opponent, taking them down to the ground.
What are the different ranks in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu?
In BJJ, there are nine belts: white, blue, purple, brown, and black. The first four belts (white, blue, purple, and brown) are considered student belts. The black belt is the highest rank and is reserved for those who have mastered the sport.
As you progress through the ranks, you’ll learn new techniques and become more proficient in BJJ. Eventually, you’ll be able to earn a stripe or a degree on your black belt, signifying your mastery of the sport.